Radon is an odorless, colorless, and inert naturally-occurring radioactive gas. It results from the radioactive decays of uranium, which is available in soils and rocks. In addition to these sources, Radon is present in water.
It escapes into the atmosphere from the ground or rocks. It then decays, resulting in more radioactive particles. Naturally, this gas is available in fewer amounts in the atmosphere. Exposure to the emitted uranium particles is a health hazard. Radiation energy damages our tissues predisposing us to cancers.
Radon gas is invisible. Neither can we taste or smell the gas. Outdoors, the gas rapidly disperses, and it has serious health concerns. In most circumstances, exposure to radon gas occurs in workplaces, schools, and homes. For the majority of people, home exposure to Radon is the greatest as compared to other locations. The home concentration of Radon depends on:
The gas gets trapped indoors immediately after entering the buildings through the holes and cracks. You may apply cost-effective methods to manage and control the indoor radon gas. Breathing this radioactive gas for a prolonged period predisposes one to lung carcinoma. About half of the radiations we experience daily rise from Radon.
Unlike other intermediate particles in the decay series, radon gas is in the gaseous state. Hence, you can quickly inhale it. Geological differences are the basis for the varying radon hazards in the various locations. Despite Radon’s shorter half-life, the high density allows it to accumulate in the structures. It is also possible to find Radon in hot springs and spring waters.
Radon gas finds medical applications in spas. Besides spas, radon gas is useful in influencing and initiating chemical reactions. In studying surface reactions, the gas plays the role of the surface label. It gets generated through pumping off the gases, radium salt solution. The mixture of gas combines oxygen and hydrogen gases, while carbon dioxide and water get removed through the adsorption process.
Why Is Radon Gas Dangerous?
Radon is the second most significant risk factor for lung cancer in the US, after tobacco smoking as the first risk factor. The best method of determining radon concentration in our homes is through testing.
You may decide to perform the test by yourself or hire a professional. In case the concentrations are higher, contact professionals in radon service to assist you to fix your residential place.
The fixation is through the help of a ventilation system located underground or improving the air exchange rate within the structure. High radon concentration leads to increased exposures. Hence, the importance of determining the levels at work stations, schools, and homes.
Uses of Radon.
Radon concentrations in streams give scientists insight into groundwater. Its soil concentrations are also useful in prospecting geothermal gradients and mapping geological faults since the concentrations seem more. In addition to these, scientists use radon concentration in groundwater for predicting earthquakes.